Here at adorable puppies for sale we've learned a lot about common health problems that can be treated with the proper vet care. Below are a few common things that can make your puppy sick. 


Worms
There are five types of worms that can affect you puppy or dog.  Some will be more common in your area than other areas around the  world.  The five types of worms are whipworms, tapeworms , heartworms, hookworms and roundworms. All worms can cause problems such as infections in your Maltese or Yorkie Puppy.  You will not always see the worms so keep this in mind if you puppy is not feeling well. We have put together some pictures of these nasty worms so you will know what to watch for.  We would also like to add if your puppy is getting the proper veterinarian care your puppy should be very well protected from all these worms. So please take your puppy to the vet when its time. You wouldn't want to be sleeping with a puppy that has worms would you?​


Whipworms are found throughout the United States, they get their name from their whip-like shape of the adult worms. The are 2-3 inches in length but thin and are rarely seen in the feces. They can be caused by eating or drinking food or water that is contaminated with the whipworm eggs. The eggs mature in the dog's large intestines and feed on blood. Whipworms can cause infection of the intestines as well as your dog may have diarrhea and weight loss. 






Tapeworms normally settle in the small intestine. As the tapeworm grows, pieces of the worm break off into segments and pass in the feces. Some Tapeworms species are visible and may look like a grain of rice. However there are other species that are not visibly seen. Tapeworms eggs are frequently ingested through adults fleas. They can cause your pup to drag their bottoms on the ground, or scooting to try to calm the itchness.  








Heartworms are worms that, as the name suggests, are found in the heart. Heartworms are spread through mosquitos that carry the infective heartworm larvae. The eggs migrate from the bite wound through the body until they reach the hear and blood vessels of the lungs. Symptoms caused by heartworms could include coughing, intolerance to exercise and for the more severe cases anemia, fainting spells and chronic heart failure. Heartworms can not be seen by the naked eye, the only way to find out if your puppy or dog is infected is by having tests ran by your veterinarian. We recommend to take the necessary precaution to start your puppy on a routine heartworm preventative, as directed by your Veterinarian, to ensure that you keep this parasite at bay. We want you to have a lifetime of joy with your new addition.







Hookworms are blood-sucking parasites that can live in the small intestines. Not visible to the naked eye and a stool sample or fecal examination must be performed by you vet. If not caught early hookworms can cause anemia and inflammation. Hookworms in your puppy could cause it to appear unhealthy and he will have a poor appetite. Other symptoms may include dark and tarry feces, diarrhea and constipation. If the pup goes without treatment, hookworms can be fatal. Contact your veterinarian to ensure your puppy get the treatments early to ensure their health and safety.






Roundworms are an intestinal parasite that are quite large measuring in between 10 - 12 cm in length. Symptoms can be colic, lethargy, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal swelling, and loss of appetite. A fecal examination will need to be done to detect the presence of roundworm larvae. With no treatment, it can cause gastrointestinal issues and even intestinal rupture.






Coccidiosis
This is small protozoans that lives in your puppy's intestinal tracts. This can cause a disease in your puppy.   Your puppy can get this at any time but, the most common time is when your puppy is stressed. Such as going to a new home or a low immune system. As your puppy gets older it normally isn't  a problem.  Coccidiosis can kill your puppy fast. If your pup has a loose stool, mucous, or blood in the stool, not eating and drinking well or laying around most the time, please get to the vet fast. Coccidiosis is very easy to treat and no reason the puppy should die from this. I would also like to add that coccidiosis is very contagious and if you have other puppy's or younger kittens  in your home then they most likely  will end up getting Coccidiosis too. Your veterinarian will run a microscopic fecal exam to make sure that this is coccidiosis.  Make sure you keep clean food and water out at all times and be very clean.

 




 

 Giardia

You very well could mistake Giardia for being Coccidiosis because in a lot of ways the signs are the same although I have seen a puppy with a firm stool have Giardia before. Giardia is protozoans that can live in the small intestine of your puppy. Treatment can take up 14 days,  a bit longer than treatment for Coccidiosis. It really depends on what the vet treats the puppy with.   I've been told Giardia can be  caused by dirty contaminated water.  I know if you have well water you really have to watch for this. Giardia is caused by dirty water, or water that is not fresh, such as pond water, streams that's no longer running, anything holding water that has not been running fresh water in it.  So please keep clean and fresh water out for your puppy at all times and empty all dirty water both indoors and outdoors to keep your puppy from getting Giardia.  If your pup is not feeling well please go to your veterinarian and get a fecal examination.

 






Ear Mites

Ear Mites formally called Otodectes Cynotis mites, are a common but mild parasite infection. Ear Mites are not visible to the naked eye, a microscope is needed to see them. If an animal with a sensitive immune system gets the infection it could result in intense irritation of the external ear. Most common symptoms of Ear Mites is excessive scratching at the ears and shaking of the head. Some dogs even pull out he hair as they scratch. If a dog scratches too hard at the ears, it can cause damage to the ear drums and the ear canals. It is most common in younger dogs but it may occur at any age. Ear Mites are highly contagious, passing from parent to newborn, one dog to another, it can even be transferred between different species of animal. The mite is commonly know to pass to other areas of the body. (Humans are not affected by ear mites.) If you suspect you Yorkie or Maltese pup may have ear mites, you can check by using a Q-tip and gently cleaning in the ear. If you notice thick reddish brown or black crust in the outer ear, coffee ground like clumps in the ear canal, your puppy may have Ear Mites. If any symptoms are noticed or you are not quite comfortable checking, contact your veterinarian to find out for sure. Your veterinarian can prescribe you will the correct medication to treat the infection.








Hypoglycemia  In your Maltese or Yorkshire Terrier Puppy
Hypoglycemia is the medical term for low blood sugar. This is the number one death in the Toy breeds, but remember that it can be prevented. Hypoglycemia often occurs in some puppies up until they are around seven months of age and sometimes even in mature toy breeds. There are several things that could cause low blood sugar such as stress, over exercising or excessive playing and not eating. Stress in a new Yorkie or Maltese puppy may stem from a change in their environment, being alone for long periods of time, lack of sleep and rest, too much travel, or even playing too rough. These things may not seem much to a larger dog but to a small pup, these are things that can be problematic.

Signs of Hypoglycemia may include but not limited to: weakness, inability to hold their head up, staggering or wobbling while walking, refusal to eat, whimpering and whining, trembling, disorientation, seizing and convulsing. In the most severe cases you may find your puppy in a comatose state or death. Another thing to check is their mouths, you might find grey or pale colored gums. The pale gums are a sign of low blood sugar. 

To prevent the issue of Hypoglycemia, always be alert and aware of the signs and symptoms. Closely monitor your puppy during feed times. Have dry food and clean water readily available at all times and make sure your puppy is eating and drinking every couple of hours. Younger Yorkshire Terrier and Maltese must eat often due to their small bellies and can't  hold very much at one time. If you notice your puppy getting weak and just not acting very active then you should offer some sugar water or peanut butter. Our puppies love peanut butter and it is good for keeping Hypoglycemia at bay. Peanut butter is very good for them.  When going to a new family I like them to offer a tiny bit on the end of the finger every three hours. I even offer yogurt to my puppies to keep them on their feet. This makes me feel much better knowing that the puppy most likely will not be going into Hyperglycemia Shock. Any signs of the puppy getting week or signs of puppy getting sick you should contact your veterinarian for further instructions and if needed get to your vet as soon as possible. Your puppy is too precious, so better safe than sorry when it comes to dealing with Hypoglycemia.



So to provide your new puppy with a lifetime of health and happiness, be diligent and observant of anything out of the ordinary. If you feel something isn't quite right, contact your Veterinarian to ensure that you do the very best to give your new Maltese or Yorkie Puppy a great start to a wonderful life. Remember preventative measures and regular routine check ups on your Maltese or Yorkie Puppy will make your pup very happy and extremely healthy!

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